We love talking about raw materials, so we have started a new section over here on our blog to talk about ingredient trends and products showcasing those key ingredients – we’re calling them our ‘Ingredient Spotlight’ posts, and we hope you enjoy them. From our team of experts to yours – please feel free to share with anyone who has a passion for ingredient, flavour, and fragrance knowledge.
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Lemon Oil Folded | Lemon Oil Argentina | Lemon Oil Sicilian | Lemon Oil Spanish | Lemon Oil Terpenes | Lemon Terpeneless
The origins of lemon are a bit mysterious, but historians believe it to be in Assam (northeast India), northern Burma or China. It’s believed to be a hybrid between bitter orange and citron.
A Brief History
The Lemon is a species of a small evergreen tree belonging to the genus citrus. Lemons entered southern Italy no later than the first century AD, during the time of Ancient Rome. It was the Greeks that made this fruit known to the Romans. The fruit was a favorite of Emperor Nero and during the Renaissance, lemons were cultivated in Tuscany by the Medici family – where their famous lemon tree and citrus groves were admired throughout Europe.
The lemon was introduced to the Americas in 1493 when Christopher Columbus brought lemon seeds to Hispaniola on his voyages. Spanish conquest throughout the New World helped spread lemon seeds. In the 19th century, lemons were increasingly planted in Florida and California
Nowadays, the primary lemon growing areas are Argentina, Brazil, Spain, and Italy. The most important varieties are Verna produced mainly in Alicante and Murcia. The variety Fino comes from an old Spanish variety produced near the river Segura.
The Eureka Lemon is cultivated outside the Mediterranean area, mainly in California, Australia, South Africa, Argentina, and Israel. The Lisbon variety is Australian and is also cultivated in great areas of the desert of Arizona.
Italian varieties include Primofiori, Interdonato and Femminello which originate from Sicily, and the Sorrento and Amalfi coastal areas near Naples, Calabria and Campania.
The Génova Lemon grows in South America, the Lapithkiotiki Lemon is the most important variety growing in the coastal areas in North Cyprus, and Meyer Lemon is a popular variety in Florida.
The power of Lemon
Lemon is a bit of a superfood ingredient, and has many uses across the fragrance, flavour and ingredient sectors.
Lemons have strong antibacterial properties which make it an ideal addition to hand sanitisers, hand washes, and home care, they are packed with vitamin C; a natural brightening ingredient and contain citric acid, a natural form of alpha hydroxy acid (AHA) which will help clear up pores, which makes it a key ingredient for skincare, and has a huge effect (according to scientists) on uplifting the mood and stimulating the nervous system. This is exactly why it has been used as one of the favorite notes in many fresh and uplifting fragrant compositions – to create positive emotions, and boost happiness and productivity – with its feel-good, sunshine factor which makes it a fine fragrance favorite as well.
Lemons are also known to ease the pain of sunburn and bee stings, control blood pressure, provide relief from fevers and colds, relieve respiratory and breathing problems, reduce dandruff, give hair a natural shine, reduce wrinkles, soothe tired feet and fade scars. The scent of lemon is also widely used in aromatherapy and is claimed to stimulate liver and lymph activity, plus detoxify and energise the body. See what we mean about the ‘superfood’ status!
Iconic fragrances and new product launches
We identified ‘Happy Florals’ as one of the fragrance markets key drivers, and we need ‘happy’ scents now more than ever! Mind you launches based around citrus notes have some celebrated history…
CK One launched in 1994, is one of the most iconic citrus scents that embodies a universal spirit for a diverse world. Bringing together refreshing notes of green tea, papaya, and bergamot. Perfectly balanced with soft accents of nutmeg, violet, cardamom, and rose; an invigorating start to a day without boundaries
Other Citrus launches include; Dolce & Gabanna Light Blue (2001), Chanel Chance Eau Fraiche (2007) Chopard Happy Lemon Dulci, Miller Harris Citron Citron, Dolce & Gabbana Lemon (2020), Le Labo Citron 28 and Atelier Cologne Lemon Island (2020).
Another big citrus hit comes from Tom Ford Sole Di Positano Acqua (2017): Brilliant. Sunlit. Inviting. Sole di Positano Acqua evokes all the extraordinary dream-like brilliance of the Amalfi coast with a refreshing lightness.
In terms of personal care, Lemon is making its way back. New 2021 launches focus on Lemon’s antibacterial properties (no surprise) and also Lemon in skincare/body care.
The Lemon Purifying range from The Body Shop (not to be confused with the Zesty Lemon range which was Summer 2020 limited edition) is a very simple concept with lemon as a key ‘kitchen beauty’ ingredient. The zesty and mood-boosting, new purifying and protecting Lemon range is made with natural lemon essential oil and the products claim either antibacterial, intense cleansing, or protecting care properties (or a combination of all 3). Product SKU’s: Purifying Face Wash, Hand Wash, Hair & Body Wash, and Hair Mist, plus Protecting Hand and Body Lotion and Cleansing Anti-bacterial Hand Sanitiser.
This Lemonade Smoothing Scrub from Ole Henriksen is perfect for the body care = self-care consumers out there. The website reads; When life gives us lemons, we say “thanks!” and put ‘em to work. Inspired by a refreshing glass of lemonade on a hot summer day, this sugar face scrub brings life back to dull, rough skin. This dual-action scrub does double-duty to physically and chemically exfoliate your complexion. High-potency AHAs (Alpha Hydroxy Acids) help loosen and lift dead skin cells, while lemon peel powder and ultra-fine sugar exfoliants gently sweep away rough skin. This scrub is also infused with holy basil and chamomile to help calm and soothe your skin. Plus, it’s clean, vegan, cruelty-free and gluten-free. To elevate the experience further, the scrub has a unique slushie texture that’ll make you look forward to exfoliating.
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